Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lung. It can be caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Pneumonia causes inflammation in your lung’s air sacs, or alveoli. The alveoli fill with fluid or pus, making it difficult to breathe.
No one is immune to pneumonia, but there are certain factors that can raise your risks:
– People who have had a stroke, have problems swallowing, or are bedridden can easily develop pneumonia.
– Infants from birth to age two are at risk for pneumonia, as are individuals age 65 or older.
– People with weakened immune systems are at increased risk of pneumonia. This includes people who take medications that weaken the immune system, such as steroids and certain medications for cancer, and people with HIV, AIDS, or cancer.
– Drug abuse increases risk. This includes excessive alcohol consumption and smoking.
– Certain medical conditions raise your risks for pneumonia. These conditions include asthma, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, and heart failure.
– As the winter is coming, the cases of pneumonia will certainly rise during this period.
This blog is all about to how to identify the symptoms and what necessary precautions have to be taken:
The general symptoms of bacterial pneumonia can develop quickly and may include:
– Chest Pain
– Shaking Chills
– Dry Cough
– Muscle Aches
– Rapid Breathing
– Rapid Heartbeat
– Difficulty Breathing
Some symptoms may indicate a medical emergency. You should seek immediate medical attention if you have any of these symptoms:
– Skin With Bluish Tone (Lack of Oxygen)
– Blood In Sputum (Coughed – Up Mucus)
– Labored Breathing
– High Fever (102.5°F or higher)
– Rapid Heartbeat
If your child gets bacterial pneumonia, they’ll be prescribed antibiotics to be taken for one to two weeks. If your child has viral pneumonia, antibiotics will not be prescribed because they don’t work on viruses and antiviral medications are infrequently used in children. Most of the time viral infections need to “run their own course” or go away on their own with supportive therapies alone (controlling fever or pain, giving fluids, keeping the child comfortable). It is sometimes difficult to determine viral from bacterial pneumonia so doctors may opt to treat with antibiotics. Your child’s pediatrician may recommend other therapies such as,
Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen
Breathing treatments such as nebulized breathing, oral steroids or inhalers
Some children require hospitalization with more severe forms of pneumonia. Hospitalized children with pneumonia
may require supplemental oxygen, IV antibiotics and medication and frequent breathing treatments.
During the flu season it’s important to recognize whether your child has pneumonia and other illness like the flu. This blog post will help. I encourage you to share it with other parents and caregivers.
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